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 Lidt god og hurtigt overblik over WISC III

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Hilde




IndlægEmne: Lidt god og hurtigt overblik over WISC III   Ons dec 08, 2010 10:16 pm

skrevet af Nicole Dulle


Quick Disclaimer

The WISC-III intelligence test is no longer extensively used. In 2003, the WISC-IV, which is an updated and revised edition of the WISC-III, was published and available for testing. However, it is too early for extensive research on the WISC-IV.
(Burns & O’Leary, 2004)


What is the WISC-III?


The WISC-III is an intelligence test published in 1991. It is the third edition in a long tradition of Wechsler intelligence tests.
Intended for children ages 6 to 16 and 11 months.

Cost:
http://harcourtassessment.com/haiweb/Cultures/en-US/Products/Product+Detail.htm?CS_ProductID=015-8979-893&CS_Category=Adolescents&CS_Catalog=TPC-USCatalog

Composed of:

Two scales - Verbal and Performance
(Sattler, 2001)

Verbal Scale Subtests

Five Mandatory Subtests (dvs. skal tages)

Information (Information)
Similarities (Ligeheder)
Arithmetic (Regning)
Vocabulary (Ordforståelse)
Comprehension (Omtanke)


One Supplementary Test (evt. supplement)

Digit Span (Talspændvidde)
(This test can be substituted for one of the other tests if and only if the data from a mandatory subtest is missing or invalidated.)

(Kamphaus, 1993)


Performance Scale Subtests

Five Mandatory Subtests

Picture Completion (Billedudfyldning)
Picture Arrangement (Billedserier)
Block Design (Terningmønstre)
Object Assembly (Puslespil)
Coding (Kodning)

Two Supplementary Subtests

Mazes (Labyranther)
Symbol Search (Symboler)

The Mazes subtest can be substituted for any of the mandatory subtest if the data is missing or invalidated. The Symbol Search can only be substituted for the Coding subtest.

(Kamphaus, 1993)

How is the test scored?

Verbal and Performance Scales are combined to obtain a Full Scale IQ.

• All subtests are weighted equally

• Each subtest has mean of 10 and standard deviation of 3

(Sattler, 2001)

What is the WISC-III supposed to do?

Assessment
Measure children’s cognitive abilities
Classification
Identify gifted children
Identify children with learning disabilities (obs identificere er ikke det samme som diagnosticere - der skal andre tests til!)
Assist in planning and implementing effective treatment programs for challenged individuals
Measure g
About 43% of the variance in all 13 subtests are attributed to g

(Sattler, 2001)

Weaknesses

While the WISC-III does measure g, it fails to take other possible intelligences into account

Gardner
Sternberg


(Ehrlich, 2003)
(Sattler, 2001)

Possibility of Scorer Errors (der findes en pc program og tro mig der laves mange fejl her)

Each subtest is scored by the test administrator
Certain questions call for open-ended responses; the administrator is responsible for using good judgment when scoring.
How should these interesting responses be scored?

(Sattler, 2001)
(Kubinger, 1998)


Cultural Bias in the WISC-III

Measures “MQ”
Eurocentric standardization sample
Global test
All intelligence tests are subject to cultural context

(Kwate, 2001)
(Das, Naglieri, & Kirby, 1994)

Conclusions

Despite its popularity, the WISC-III was not faultless.
Parents, psychologists, and school administrators should keep the errors and limits of intelligence tests in mind when looking at a child’s IQ score.
Cultural bias
Scoring errors
Lack of a conclusive definition for intelligence


References

Burns, T. G. & O’Leary, S. D. (2004). Wechsler intelligence scale for children—iv: Test review. Applied Neuropsychology, 11(4), 233-236.
Das, J. P., Naglieri, J. A., and Kirby, J. R. (1994). Assessment of cognitive processes; The pass theory of intelligence. Needham Heights, MA: Allyn and Bacon.
Ehrlich, R. (2003). Are people getting smarter or dumber? Skeptic, 10, 50-61.
Kamphaus, R. W. (1993). Clinical assessment of children’s intelligence: A handbook for professional practice. Needham Heights, MA: Allyn and Bacon.
Kubinger, K. D. (1998). Psychological assessment of high ability: Worldwide-used wechsler’s intelligence scales and their psychometric shortcomings. High Ability Studies, 9, 237-251.
Kwate, N. O. A. (2001). Intelligence or misorientation? Eurocentrism in the WISC-III. Journal of Black Psychology, 27, 221-238.
Sattler, J. M. (2001). Assessment of children: Cognitive applications. San Diego, CA: Jerome M. Sattler, Publisher, Inc.
Additional images obtained from
http://members.shaw.ca/delajara/NormalCurveRod.gif
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Jens Buch




IndlægEmne: Re: Lidt god og hurtigt overblik over WISC III   Tors dec 09, 2010 12:13 am

Citat :
Two Supplementary Subtests

Mazes (Labyranther)
Symbol Search (Symboler)

The Mazes subtest can be substituted for any of the mandatory subtest if the data is missing or invalidated. The Symbol Search can only be substituted for the Coding subtest.


Maze eller labyrinter på dansk, kan på INGEN måde anvendes som supplement, og det tilrådes på det KRAFTIGSTE, at man prorater i stedet for på nogen måde at inddrage labyrinter. Dette er gammel viden, og er også nævnt i den danske Håndbog i WISC-III Tolkning.

I USA har man de sidst år af WISC-III`s levetid anvendt symboler i stedet for kodeprøven, da den har bedre G loading end kodeprøven!
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Hilde




IndlægEmne: Re: Lidt god og hurtigt overblik over WISC III   Tors dec 09, 2010 2:53 am

Jens Buch skrev:
Citat :
Two Supplementary Subtests

Mazes (Labyranther)
Symbol Search (Symboler)

The Mazes subtest can be substituted for any of the mandatory subtest if the data is missing or invalidated. The Symbol Search can only be substituted for the Coding subtest.


Maze eller labyrinter på dansk, kan på INGEN måde anvendes som supplement, og det tilrådes på det KRAFTIGSTE, at man prorater i stedet for på nogen måde at inddrage labyrinter. Dette er gammel viden, og er også nævnt i den danske Håndbog i WISC-III Tolkning.

I USA har man de sidst år af WISC-III`s levetid anvendt symboler i stedet for kodeprøven, da den har bedre G loading end kodeprøven!

Ja - der er mange ting som ændrer sig i en oversættelse ... anyway ... det er en lille detalje. Hvad anbefaler den danske bog hvis data forsvinder ...
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IndlægEmne: Re: Lidt god og hurtigt overblik over WISC III   Today at 8:21 am

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